A SURVEY OF ANTIBIOTIC USE IN HOSPITALIZED ADULT PATIENTS IN KHYBER TEACHING HOSPITAL PESHAWAR

Rukhsana Javed Farooqi, Mukhthiar Zaman Afridi, Raeesa lzhar

Abstract


We undertook an audit of antibiotic use in the hospitalized adult patients in different wards and specialties in Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Records of 750 patients were analyzed, with 55% males and ,3% females. Mean age was 35.19 years and the mean hospital stay was 5.09 days. Antibiotic(s) were given in 590 patients (78.67%): orally in 50.18%, intravenously in 24.40%, and both in 25.42% patients. Top most three commonly prescribed antibiotics included Penicillin (30.96), 231 out of 746 and 16 different trades were used, 1st generation Cephalosporins (12.33%) 133 out of 746 and 29 different brands were used, and quinolones (9.78%) 101 out of 746 and 20 different preparations were used.
Conclusions: Different groups of antibiotics and numerous brands are being used in hospital. This irrational and diverse use of antibiotics can only be stopped by instituting and following hospital based formulary.


Keywords


Antibiotic; KTH; Peshawar.

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