A BRIEF REVIEW OF EIBEROPTIC BRONCHOSCOPY PROCEDURE, INDICATIONS, CONTRA INDICATIONS AND COMPLICATIONS

ABDUL SALAM JOHER, NADEEM RIZVI

Abstract


Chevalier Jackson described bronchoscopy as "looking into the living lungs". Major advances in technology since that time have given the bronchoscopist of today not only the opportunity to view the fine details of the endobronchial anatomy but also the capability of diagnosing, understanding, and even treating diseases that were formerly "beyond the scope" of medical science. Since the introduction of fibroptic bronchoscopy by Ikeda in 1966, it has become so intricately woven into the same work of treating disease of the chest that it is now no longer possible for any one to practice in this field of medicine or surgery without some mastery of this procedure.
The primary objectives of Fiberoptic bronchoscopy is the direct visualisation of the tracheobronchial tree, including abnormalities, to obtain biopsy of the lesion for histopathological examination, to collect lavage and bronchial brushing for cytology, culture and sensivity examination. It allow the bronchoscopist to see centrally place tumours thereby enabling surgical decision, regarding operability to be taken


Keywords


Fiberoptic bronchoscope; Tracheobronchial tree;Procedure

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