Frequency of depression in patients with Bronchial Asthma

Amir Suleman, Zafar Iqbal, Raza Ullah, Saif Ullah, Hamid Nasir, Shahida Naz

Abstract


Background: Bronchial asthma is a common chronic illness that affects more
than 300 million people worldwide and is considered the fourth commonest
disease in adults in the United States. Bronchial asthma is diagnosed on the 1
basis of episodic symptoms of airflow obstruction and objective measurement
of lung function. The prevalence of depression has been estimated to be up to
50% among the general population and even higher among bronchial
asthmatics. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of
depression in patients with bronchial asthma.

Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in the
department of pulmonology ward Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad-
Pakistan from November 2017 to April 2018. All patients of either gender,
diagnosed with bronchial asthma, irrespective of duration of disease and 18 to
60 years of age were included in the study. Patients with substance abuse,
prior history of psychiatric illness and co-morbidities like COPD, stroke,
chronic renal failure and heart failure were excluded. Sample size was
calculated by using WHO software assuming 32.5% frequency of Depression
in Bronchial asthma2 with Confidence level95%and8%margin of error.

Results: Out of 132 patients, 62% patients were male while 38% patients
female. Mean age was 42 years with SD ± 12.771. 40% of patients were found
to be suffering fromdepression.

Conclusion: Our study concludes that depression is more prevalent in
bronchial asthma patients.


Keywords


Depression; Bronchial Asthma; Ayub Medical College

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