Evaluation Of Lipid Profile In Newly Diagnosed Tuberculous Patients

Muhammad Saqib Musharaf, Saima Riaz, Muhammad Shoaib Nabi, Umer Usman, Asad Javaid

Abstract


Introduction

Cholesterol is a hormone that helps to regulate basic cellular metabolism. Lipid profile especially serum cholesterol in tuberculosis patients is lower when compared healthy individuals. So far yet it is not clear if this is a risk factor or as result of disease itself. Objective To find out lipid profile in newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients.

Objective

To find out lipid profile in newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients.

Study Design & Duration

It was cross sectional study conducted from July 2019 till March 2020 at Gulab Devi Hospital Pulmonology Department.

Data Collection Procedure

A total of 78 tuberculous patients were included, after meeting inclusion criteria in the study. Demographic information such as name, age, gender, and contact details were taken. 10mls of venous blood were drawn into serum tubes after 8 hours of fast. The blood sample tubes were then sent to hospital laboratory where blood was analyzed for lipid profile of the patients. Blood reports were obtained, and data was collected on proforma. Levels of TG, LDL, HDL, and total cholesterol were measured. Data was entered and analyzed through SPSS 22.

Results

The mean age in our study was 34.55 ± 5.80. There were 47(60.3%) male and 31(39.7%) female case. The mean total cholesterol was 114.62 ± 29.81 and mean TG was 112.01 ± 13.47. The mean HDL value was 3807 ± 7.02 and mean LDL in this study was 89.00 ± 23.49.

 

Conclusion

This study concludes that parameters of lipid profile were deranged in our tuberculous cases. To achieve maximum response of TB treatment we must consider normalizing lipid profile along with standard treatment for better recovery.  


Keywords


Infectious diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, Total cholesterol, Triglycerides, low density lipoproteins, high density lipoproteins

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