Forensic Osteology in the Assessment of Chest Trauma and Pulmonary Injuries

Authors

  • Ihsan ullah
  • Nayella Nijat Bangash
  • Ijaz Aziz
  • Rizwan ul Haq
  • Faiza Nadeem

Abstract

Introduction: Forensic osteology, the scientific study of human skeletal remains, occupies a pivotal position in the realm of forensic science. Its significance lies in its capacity to unveil the hidden narratives within bones and offer critical insights into the identification of skeletal injuries. This research endeavors to illuminate the multifaceted role played by forensic osteology in the detection, analysis, and interpretation of injuries sustained by skeletal remains. Objectives: This research explores the pivotal role of forensic osteology in assessing injuries related to the chest and pulmonology conducted at Qazi Hussain Ahmed Medical Complex, Nowshera - Pakistan. Methodology: A diverse sample of 85 skeletal remains was systematically examined, incorporating techniques such as osteological assessment, radiological imaging, histological analysis, and statistical analysis. Demographic characteristics, trauma patterns, radiological findings, and histological insights were meticulously documented. Results: The findings unveiled a diverse spectrum of trauma patterns, with 49.4% of cases exhibiting skeletal trauma, including those relevant to the chest and pulmonary region. Radiological imaging was instrumental in uncovering hidden fractures in 32.9% of cases, with implications for chest injuries. Additionally, histological analysis allowed for the differentiation of recent and healed injuries in 53.3% of cases, shedding light on pulmonary trauma. Conclusion: Forensic osteology, as exemplified in this study, plays a crucial role in identifying skeletal injuries, particularly those related to the chest and pulmonology. Its multidisciplinary approach not only advances our understanding of trauma patterns in these regions but also significantly contributes to the resolution of forensic cases and disaster victim identification efforts. This research underscores the critical role played by forensic osteology in delivering justice, resolving unresolved cases, and providing closure to individuals and their families. Keywords: Forensic Osteology; Chest Trauma; Radiological Imaging; Histological Analysis; Multidisciplinary Approach; Medico-Legal Investigations

Author Biographies

Ihsan ullah

Department of Forensic Medicine, Jinnah Medical College, Peshawar - Pakistan

Nayella Nijat Bangash

Department of Forensic medicine, Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar - Pakistan

Ijaz Aziz

Department of Forensic Medicine, Mekran Medical College, Turbat - Pakistan

Rizwan ul Haq

Department of Forensic Medicine, Jinnah Medical College, Peshawar - Pakistan

Faiza Nadeem

Khyber Medical College, Peshawar - Pakistan

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Published

2023-09-02

How to Cite

Ihsan ullah, Nayella Nijat Bangash, Ijaz Aziz, Rizwan ul Haq, & Faiza Nadeem. (2023). Forensic Osteology in the Assessment of Chest Trauma and Pulmonary Injuries. Pakistan Journal of Chest Medicine, 29(3), 217–222. Retrieved from https://pjcm.net/index.php/pjcm/article/view/793

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Original Article