ROLE OF SPIROMETRY IN THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE IN SMOKERS

Muhammad Younus, Muhammad Khalid Choudhry, Zafar Ali Syed, Waqar Mushtaq

Abstract


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem and the number of patients with the disease is increasing. Cigarette smoking is the most important cause of COPD. It significantly increases the progressive deterioration in lung functions. COPD is a preventable disease if it is detected earlier but it is usually diagnosed at a late stage.
OBJECTIVE
The objective of this study was to determine the role of spirometry in the early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in smokers.
DESIGN AND SETTING
Cross sectional study done at Institute of Chest Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, Lahore.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
One hundred smokers who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected. Comprehensive smoking history was asked and the number of pack years were calculated. Spirometry of all the subjects was performed on spirometer  Spirolab II). Diagnosis of COPD was defined by airway obstruction measured as FEV1/FVC <0.70.
RESULTS
In our study out of 100 smokers there were 78 who had history of cough, 56 had a history of sputum production, 34 had history of dyspnea and 18 had physical signs of airflow obstruction. On spirometry 38% smokers had diagnosis of COPD. Using the Global Initiative for Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria for severity, 18% had mild obstruction, 12% had moderate obstruction and 8% had severe obstruction. No smoker had very severe obstruction.
CONCLUSION
Spirometry helps in the early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in smokers and can uncover a significant number of persons with spirometric signs of airflow obstruction.


Keywords


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Smokers; Spirometry; Pack years; Airflow obstruction.

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