SNUFFED TOBACCO MIGHTIER THAN SMOKED TOBACCO: FREQUENCY DETERMINATION OF UPPER AND LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES

Khalid Mahmood, Iftikhar Haider naqvi, Gulrayz Ahmed, Aamer Mahboob, Noor Baig, Masooma Jumma

Abstract


Objective: To assess the frequency of upper and lower respiratory tract
diseases in people addicted to snuffed tobacco.
Methods: A retrospective cross sectional study conducted from patient data,
who presented at the outpatient departments at Civil Hospital, Karachi and
Ankleseria Hospital, Karachi for a period of 6 months from January 2014 to
June 2014. A total of 131 patients were screened who were using snuff tobacco
for variable period of time and presented with a series of signs and symptoms.
70 patients were included in the study, after meeting the eligibility criteria. A
detailed history, physical examination, ENT examination and baselines
investigations were recovered from patient record. Data was entered and
frequencies were calculated.
Results: Out of 70 patients, 41 (58.5%) were males while 29 (41.5%) were
females. 63 (90%) of the patients presented with cough, 52 (74.3%) with
productive cough, 20 (28.5%) with dyspnoea, 11 (15.7%) with fever, 3 (4.3 %)
with bleeding from nose and mouth, 8 (11 .4%) with facial pain and 4 (5.7%)
with weight loss. On the basis of history, examination and investigations,
31(44.3%) of the patients were diagnosed as COPD, 10 (14.3%) as pharyngitis,
12 (17.1%) as sinusitis, 7 (10%) as nasal polyps or nasal ulcers, 06 (8.5 %) as
pneumonia. 2 patients (2.85%) were diagnosed as lung cancer and 2 patients
(2.85%) were diagnosed as nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Conclusion: Snuffed tobacco can cause diseases of upper & lower respiratory
tract and can also lead to more grievous pathologies like lung cancer and
nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Keywords


Snuffed; Tobacco; COPD; Lung Cancer; Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; NAS.

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